363 - 370 CE
Large Christian Basilica Church
Construction of the large 5 aisled basilica church is built over the earlier (1st or 2nd Century) Roman mausoleum at the western end of the city elaborately decorated with polychrome and glass mosaics in geometric, plant and animal patterns. The earlier Roman mausoleum over which the church was built was reused throughout the Roman and early Byzantine periods and was extended eastwards in the early 4th century becoming associated with early Christian martyrs. 14 high status burials from the 4th to mid 5th century indicate the importance of the church for the city’s Christian elite and the mosaic grave covering for one of these graves names the persons buried below as Valentinianos, Eustathia and Protogenia, who were likely a couple and their daughter.
602 - 608 CE
Declining Byzantine power and loss of territory in Southern Levant and Egypt during the Byzantine Sassanian War (602 – 628CE) resulted in a gradual decline in prosperity for Gadara. Abandonment of the large Byzantine bath complex during this period may be associated with shortages of fuel and reduction in water supply associated with this loss of prosperity.